The tomb of the last king of Assyria, Hamishtim was carved by the last Assyrian monarch, his name being Hamishtim-era. This piece of land, located south of modern-day Yarmouk, Syria, was settled by ancient kings. King Hamishtim’s tomb is located on the southern slope of the land. The centre section of the land presents a colossal mound nearly as high as 12 m high and 2.5 ha in vicinity. It is called by the name of “estone Tomb”.
This mound consists of huge blocks or individual sandstone slabs, with many small caves and grottos between them. Near the centre of the land is a large open area bordered by sandstone pillars and gradually slopes towards the whole valley. Individual flint slabs, which form the base of the pillars, are arranged here. Near the pillars, there are several smaller sandstone chambers with sandstone columns positioned in the niches. This arrangement provides the ideal place for carvings and votive candles to be burned during vigils and religious services.
The chambers themselves consist of a series of small grottos cut into the sandstone. Near the entrance of one chamber, there is a slot dug into the upper part of the ground. Here, an underground shaft connected to the mountain-top railway was built. Access to the burial place was made by following the narrow path through the rock-cut channels carved out by the quarry workers lang mo da.
Today, the region around the Stone tomb is visited by numerous tourists. Excavations undertaken here have yielded a number of important finds including ancient Pazyryk alphabet letters, the remains of Grottos, and Pazyryk figurines. However, perhaps the most interesting find from the site is the Uchalovski Star, which is thought to date back to the 5th century. This star, which is approximately half a foot in diameter, depicts a man with a donkey tied to his left leg. Though many speculate that this scene symbolizes the nomadic life of the Kaska tribe, it is possible that this particular discovery tells us something about another cultural tradition of the Kaska people.
The Grottoes, situated close to the town of Krasnitska, were discovered in the mid 1960’s by American archeologists. They comprise a number of large, open caves built out of sandstone slabs. Within these caves, which consist of more than 100 individual rooms, there are numerous beautiful animal sculptures. Interestingly enough, many of the petroglyphs found here appear to depict horses or other large animals.
In addition to these impressive caves, several other archaeological settlements have been discovered in the region. These settlements, collectively called Grozny, date between the 7th and 11th centuries. Inside Grozny, you can discover the remains of St. Nicholas, a saint thought to have lived in the area during the times of the Magyars. In addition to St. Nicholas, other religious icons have also been discovered including the Mother of God, Virgin Mary, and the archangel Gabriel. All of these symbols as well as petroglyphs have been used not only as important religious icons, but also as images depicting the Earth, Heaven, and Hell.